Writing on walls has existed in many forms since ancient times, with examples of graffiti dating back to ancient Egypt, Greece, and Rome. Whether as vandalism or high art, a form of communication, devotion, or advertising, humans have always wanted to leave their mark on the infrastructure. Join two of Los Angeles’s most influential street artists, Defer and Prime, and Iraqi artist Osama Sadiq as they demonstrate their practice and talk with rare books curator David Brafman about the interplay of words and images, a tradition that began thousands of years ago. Complements the exhibition Mesopotamia: Civilization Begins. David Brafman has been the rare books curator at the Getty Research Institute since 2002. His interest and admiration for graffiti, sparked during his Brooklyn-based childhood, is evidenced in his work with projects such as LA Liber Amicorum, recently published as the L.A. Graffiti Black Book, and exhibitions such as Scratch (2014) which he curated at the El Segundo Museum of Art. Prior to arriving on the West Coast, Brafman earned his PhD in classics and Arabic from Duke University, was an adjunct professor in the NYU Classics Department, and resident-expert at H.P. Kraus, Rare Books and Manuscripts, one of the world's leading dealers in rare books and manuscripts from the Middle Ages to the Enlightenment.